The terms in the equations can be related in many different ways. The relationship may be obvious or more difficult to see. Each equation will contain only one or two types of relationships. The four categories of relationships found in an equation include the following: semantic, classification, association, and logical/mathematical. Within these categories, there are subcategories.
Semantic relationships concern the meaning of words. These questions involve determining the relationships between words based on their meaning. These words can be taken from any category of speech (verb, noun, adjective etc.). Candidates may be required to solve problems concerning synonyms, antonyms, intensity, and word meaning.
Synonyms are words that have a similar meaning. An example of a synonym pair is big and large. Antonyms are words that have an opposite meaning. An example of an antonym pair is big and small. Words expressing intensity are comparative words. An example of this type of relationship is happy and ecstatic. In terms containing word parts, one term explains the meaning of the other term. An example of this would be not and un-. The phrase not trustworthy means untrustworthy.
This type of relationship deals with the ranking of objects. This may be done on the basis of category, membership, and whether something is a part of an object or the whole object.
Categorization places one object in relation to another. An example of such an equation is “Color : Blue.” Blue is a color.
Equations dealing with memberships contain terms that describe things that belong to a larger group. An example of such an equation is “Red : Blue.” Red and blue are both colors.
In a term concerning the whole/part relationship, one term is a component of the other term. An example of such an equation is “Page : Book.” A book is made up of pages.